Welcome to Assignments Writing

Your Trusted Partner in Term Paper Writing

At Assignments Writing, we’re a team of passionate educators and skilled writers committed to supporting students in their academic journey.

UAB Network Security and Cryptography Computer Science Discussion

UAB Network Security and Cryptography Computer Science Discussion


Question 1: Network Security and Cryptography

Part A: Network Security

a) Definition and Importance of Network Security
Network security refers to the practice of safeguarding a network infrastructure from unauthorized access, damage, disruption, or theft of information. It is of paramount importance in modern organizations due to the increasing reliance on digital technologies, as it helps protect sensitive data, maintain business continuity, and ensure customer trust. The CIA triad, comprising Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability, forms the foundation of network security:

  • Confidentiality: Ensures that data is accessible only to authorized individuals or systems. This prevents unauthorized access or disclosure of sensitive information, such as customer data or trade secrets.
  • Integrity: Guarantees the accuracy and reliability of data. It ensures that data remains unaltered during transmission or storage, preventing tampering or unauthorized modifications.
  • Availability: Ensures that network resources and services are consistently accessible when needed. This safeguards against disruptions caused by attacks or system failures.

b) Common Threats to Network Security
Common threats to network security include:

  • Unauthorized Access: Intruders gaining access to systems or data without permission, potentially leading to data breaches or misuse.
  • Malware: Malicious software like viruses, worms, and ransomware that can infect systems, steal data, or disrupt operations.
  • Social Engineering: Manipulative techniques used to deceive users or employees into revealing sensitive information, such as passwords or confidential data.
  • Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attacks: Attempts to overwhelm a network or system with excessive traffic, rendering it unavailable to legitimate users.

The potential impacts of these threats on business operations can be severe, including financial losses, reputational damage, legal consequences, and a loss of customer trust.

c) Essential Security Measures
To protect their networks, organizations should implement various security measures:

  • Firewalls: These act as barriers between internal and external networks, filtering incoming and outgoing traffic based on predefined rules to prevent unauthorized access.
  • Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS): IDS monitors network traffic for suspicious activities and alerts administrators to potential threats or breaches.
  • Virtual Private Networks (VPNs): VPNs create secure, encrypted connections over public networks, ensuring data privacy for remote or branch offices.
  • Access Control Mechanisms: These include user authentication, role-based access control, and least privilege principles to limit access to authorized personnel only.

Part B: Cryptography

a) Role of Cryptography in Network Security
Cryptography plays a crucial role in network security by ensuring data confidentiality, integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation.

  • Confidentiality: Cryptographic techniques like encryption scramble data to make it unreadable to unauthorized users. Only those with the decryption key can access the original data.
  • Integrity: Cryptographic hashes can verify data integrity. Any alteration in the data results in a different hash value, indicating potential tampering.
  • Authentication: Cryptographic protocols, such as digital signatures, verify the identity of parties involved in data transmission, ensuring that data comes from trusted sources.
  • Non-repudiation: Cryptographic methods provide evidence that a message or transaction occurred, preventing parties from denying their involvement.

b) Symmetric and Asymmetric Encryption
Symmetric encryption uses a single shared key for both encryption and decryption. It is faster and suitable for data at rest or within a closed system. However, key distribution can be challenging.

Asymmetric encryption involves a pair of public and private keys. The public key encrypts data, while the private key decrypts it. This approach offers better security and key management but is slower due to the complex mathematical operations involved.

Use cases depend on requirements. Symmetric encryption is often used for bulk data, while asymmetric encryption is employed for secure key exchange and digital signatures.

c) Key Management in Cryptographic Systems
Key management is crucial for cryptographic systems’ effectiveness and security. It involves:

  • Key Generation: Securely creating cryptographic keys, often using random number generators or key derivation functions.
  • Key Distribution: Safely sharing keys with authorized parties while preventing unauthorized access.
  • Key Storage: Securely storing keys to prevent theft or unauthorized use. Hardware security modules (HSMs) are commonly used for this purpose.
  • Key Revocation: Deactivating or changing keys in case of compromise or when they are no longer needed.

Effective key management ensures that cryptographic systems remain secure over time.

In conclusion, network security and cryptography are integral components of modern organizations’ efforts to protect data and maintain operational continuity. Implementing appropriate security measures and cryptographic techniques is essential to mitigate common threats and ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of sensitive information.

Question 2: Refactoring

Refactoring is the process of improving the structure, readability, and maintainability of existing code without altering its external behavior. It involves making small, incremental changes to the codebase to enhance its quality. Refactoring is a fundamental practice in software development, and its primary goal is to reduce technical debt and make the codebase easier to work with.

One example of refactoring is the extraction of a method. Suppose you have a long and complex code block in a function. You can refactor it by extracting portions of the code into separate methods with descriptive names. This improves code readability, promotes code reusability, and makes debugging and maintenance more manageable. Here’s a simplified example in Python:

Before Refactoring:

def calculate_total_price(cart):
total_price = 0
for item in cart:
if item['quantity'] > 0:
total_price += item['price'] * item['quantity']
return total_price

After Refactoring:

def calculate_total_price(cart):
total_price = 0
for item in cart:
total_price += calculate_item_price(item)
return total_price

def calculate_item_price(item):
if item['quantity'] > 0:
return item['price'] * item['quantity']
return 0

Is refactoring a good thing? Yes, refactoring is generally a good practice for several reasons:

  1. Code Quality: Refactoring improves code quality by making it more readable, maintainable, and less error-prone. This helps developers understand and work with the code more efficiently.
  2. Reducing Technical Debt: Over time, software can accumulate technical debt, which can slow down development and lead to more bugs. Refactoring helps repay this debt by cleaning up the codebase.
  3. Enhancing Extensibility: Refactored code is easier to extend and modify, allowing for faster feature development and adaptation to changing requirements.
  4. Bug Prevention: By simplifying and clarifying code, refactoring can help prevent future bugs and make it easier to identify and fix existing ones.
  5. Team Collaboration: Clean and well-structured code is easier for teams to collaborate on. It reduces misunderstandings and the risk of introducing errors during collaborative development.

However, persuading clients to allocate time for refactoring can sometimes be challenging, especially when they are primarily focused on new functionality and immediate results. Here are some strategies to persuade clients to embrace refactoring:

  1. Highlight Long-Term Benefits: Explain that refactoring improves code quality, which leads to faster and more reliable development in the long run

UAB Network Security and Cryptography Computer Science Discussion





question 1

Assignment Title: Network Security and Cryptography


Read chapters 7 and 8 of the book “Business Data Communications- Infrastructure, Networking and Security, 7th edition.” Based on your understanding of the chapters, write a concise essay addressing the following points:

Part A: Network Security

a) Define network security and its importance in modern organizations. Explain the concept of confidentiality, integrity, availability (CIA triad), and how it relates to network security.

b) Discuss common threats to network security, including unauthorized access, malware, social engineering, and denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. Explain the potential impacts of these threats on business operations.

c) Describe essential security measures that organizations should implement to protect their networks, such as firewalls, intrusion detection systems (IDS), virtual private networks (VPNs), and access control mechanisms.

Part B: Cryptography

a) Explain the role of cryptography in network security. Discuss its fundamental objectives, including confidentiality, integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation.

b) Describe symmetric and asymmetric encryption algorithms. Compare and contrast their characteristics, advantages, and use cases.

c) Discuss the importance of key management in cryptographic systems. Explain key generation, distribution, storage, and revocation processes.

Format and Guidelines:

The essay should be concise and within the 1000-word limit.

Use a clear and logical structure, including brief headings for each part.

Ensure proper citation and referencing of any sources used.

Demonstrate critical thinking by providing relevant examples and supporting evidence.

Use academic writing style and language appropriate for a graduate-level assignment.

Submission: Submit your essay as a Word document

*Failure to include a cover page with the exact formatting used in the assignment policy and/or reference page will result in a 10-point deduction*

Your assignment submission will be turned into Turnitin. Turnitin does verify the use of AI-generated material, and this will be considered plagiarism.

Note: It’s essential to review the specific guidelines and requirements provided by your instructor or institution before completing the assignment.

Question 2

What is Refactoring?  Find an example of refactoring in the literature and tell us about it. Is this procedure a good thing – or would it be better to start over with whatever’s being refactored instead of modifying the existing code? How can you persuade clients to allow you to spend time on refactoring when all they want is new functionality?

Place Your Order Here

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: We only hire the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of master’s and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. We are known for timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: We have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.

Format & Features

Our Advantages

How It Works

1. Fill Order Form
2. Make payment
3. Writing process
4. Download paper

Fill in the order form and submit all your files, including instructions, rubrics, and other information given to you by your instructor.

Once you complete filling the forms, complete your payment. We will get the order and assign it to a writer.

When your order is completed, it’s assigned to an editor for approval. The editor approves the order.

Once approved, we will upload the order to your account for you to download.  You can rate your writer or give your customer review.

What Clients Said


I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround. I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround.I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround.

Mercy M

I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround. I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround.I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround.

Jane L

I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround. I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround.I am very satisfied! thank you for the quick turnaround.

Rayan M


We are a freelance academic writing company geared towards provision of high quality academic papers to students worldwide.

Open chat
Scan the code
Can we help you?