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Self Regulation in the Accounting Industry Questions

Self Regulation in the Accounting Industry Questions


Title: Influence of Personal Experiences on Workplace Culture and Accounting Industry Regulation

Introduction: Workplace culture is a complex interplay of various factors, one of which is personal experiences. These experiences, both positive and negative, significantly influence the way employees perceive, interact with, and contribute to their organizations. The accounting industry, as a vital sector within the business world, has undergone several transformations due to historical events and legislative changes. This paper aims to explore how personal experiences shape workplace culture and to discuss a major historical event within the last 20 years that impacted the accounting industry’s self-regulation, the subsequent legislative changes, and their effects on the profession.

Influence of Personal Experiences on Workplace Culture: Personal experiences encompass an individual’s background, upbringing, education, and previous work encounters. These experiences shape an employee’s values, attitudes, and behaviors, ultimately influencing workplace culture. Individuals with diverse personal experiences bring varied perspectives to the workplace, fostering innovation, adaptability, and inclusivity. On the other hand, negative experiences, such as discrimination or harassment, can lead to toxic work environments and hinder professional growth.

Historical Event Shaping Accounting Self-Regulation: One major historical event that significantly impacted the accounting industry’s self-regulation was the Enron scandal of 2001. Enron, a once-prominent energy company, employed dubious accounting practices to manipulate its financial statements and conceal its debts, leading to its eventual bankruptcy. This event shook public trust in financial reporting and brought to light the need for stronger regulatory oversight in the accounting profession.

Legislative Changes in Accounting Self-Regulation: In response to the Enron scandal and growing doubts about the profession’s self-regulation, the U.S. Congress enacted the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) in 2002. SOX introduced a series of reforms aimed at improving corporate governance, transparency, and accountability. It established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) to oversee the auditing of public companies and set standards for audit quality, independence, and ethics. Additionally, SOX mandated that the CEO and CFO of public companies certify the accuracy of their financial statements.

Effects on Self-Regulation and Audit Process: The introduction of SOX and the establishment of PCAOB brought about a more robust regulatory framework for the accounting profession. Auditing firms, both for public and non-public companies, faced increased scrutiny and were required to adhere to stricter standards. For auditors working in large public accounting firms, the new self-regulation process meant a heightened focus on maintaining independence, conducting thorough audits, and adhering to ethical guidelines. This change has improved audit quality and the credibility of financial information provided to stakeholders.

Strengths and Weaknesses of Self-Regulation: The strengthened self-regulation in the accounting profession has undoubtedly enhanced transparency and accountability. The focus on independence and ethical conduct has helped restore public trust in financial reporting. However, self-regulation also poses challenges. The profession’s ability to adapt swiftly to evolving market dynamics and technological advancements may be hindered by bureaucratic processes. Furthermore, some argue that excessive regulation could stifle innovation and creativity, reducing the profession’s ability to address unique client needs effectively.

Conclusion: Personal experiences play a pivotal role in shaping workplace culture, influencing attitudes, behaviors, and interactions within the accounting industry and beyond. The Enron scandal and subsequent legislative changes, notably the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, have redefined the accounting profession’s self-regulation process, emphasizing transparency, accountability, and audit quality. While self-regulation has strengths in improving trust and integrity, it also has weaknesses related to adaptability and potential innovation stifling. As auditors working for large public accounting firms, professionals must balance these strengths and weaknesses while navigating an evolving landscape of regulations and industry dynamics.

Self Regulation in the Accounting Industry Questions



Describe how personal experiences influence workplace culture.

In this Assignment, you will research recent important accounting industry events that have shaped the profession as we know it today.

Due to several events, the public and legislators began to doubt the ability of the accounting profession to self-regulate. As a result, Congress reformed the accounting profession’s system used for regulating itself. However, the profession has grown in size and the profession retains the ethics and professional conduct to provide accurate and reliable financial information.

  1. research the accounting system of self-regulation. Describe at least one major historical event that occurred in the business world in the past 20 years and discuss how this affected today’s accounting system of self-regulation.
  2. Describe the legislation that altered the self-regulation process of the accounting profession.
  3. Describe the regulation process for accounting firms that audit (A) public companies and (B) non-public companies.
  4. Describe how this new self-regulation process would affect you as an auditor working for a large public accounting firm today. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of self-regulation in the accounting profession as a result of the historical events you described.

Respond in a minimum of a 2-page, APA-formatted, and citation-style paper.

Common Citations in APA


Whittington, O. R., & Pany, K. (2017). Principles of auditing & other assurance services (20th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill

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