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Behavior Change Theories Discussion

Behavior Change Theories Discussion


I would like them to alter two particular behaviors in order to assist my client avatar in acquiring and maintaining healthy behaviors:

Quitting smoking: My client’s avatar currently smokes, which poses a serious health danger. It is imperative to stop smoking to lower your risk of developing certain illnesses, such as heart disease and lung cancer.

Physical Activity: My customer avatar rarely exercises and maintains a sedentary lifestyle. Maintaining general health and preventing illnesses like obesity and cardiovascular disease depends on promoting regular exercise.

I would use the Transtheoretical Model (TTM), as defined in Hilliard, Riekert, Ockene, and Pbert (2018), to address these behavioral alterations. The Transtheoretical Model’s main parts are as follows:

Stages of Change: TTM outlines the stages of change people experience when changing their behavior. Precontemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Action, and Maintenance are some of these stages. According to this paradigm, interventions are tailored according to the different stages people are at.

Processes of Change: TTM recognizes many processes of change that people employ to advance through the phases of transformation, including self-reevaluation, self-liberation, and societal emancipation. People who use these techniques can better weigh the benefits and drawbacks of changing their habits.

Self-Efficacy: TTM strongly emphasizes the significance of self-efficacy, which is defined as a person’s confidence in their capacity to change. Building self-efficacy is an important part of the strategy since it affects someone’s willingness to change and the likelihood of success.

I chose the transtheoretical model because it provides a flexible and tailored approach, considering that people may be at different phases of change readiness. The importance of self-efficacy, which is essential for sustaining long-term behavior change, is also emphasized in this paradigm.

Let us now evaluate the Transtheoretical Model in comparison to two other behavior change models:

First, the Health Belief Model (HBM)

Major Elements: Individual perceptions of health risks and benefits are the focus of HBM. It comprises elements like perceived vulnerability, perceived seriousness, perceived advantages, and perceived obstacles.

Contrastingly to TTM, HBM does not consider the processes or stages of transformation. It mostly depends on a person’s perceptions of their health and the variables affecting those perceptions.

In contrast, TTM is more thorough and dynamic when considering the stages people go through when changing their behavior.

Second, the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT)

Major Elements: Social impact and observational learning are important components of SCT. It encompasses ideas like self-control, self-efficacy, and expectancy of results.

Comparatively speaking, TTM may not lay as much focus on social factors and observational learning as SCT does.

In contrast, SCT focuses on cognitive and social elements that affect behavior, but TTM’s stages of change and change processes offer a more structured framework for behavior modification.

In conclusion, the Transtheoretical Model is chosen because of its stage-based methodology and emphasis on self-efficacy, both of which have the potential to be very successful in addressing behavior change. Even if the Health Belief Model and Social Cognitive Theory are valuable, they might not be as detailed and adaptable as the Transtheoretical Model when addressing the particular requirements of people going through different stages of behavior change.

Behavior Change Theories Discussion





Prior to completing this discussion, please read Chapter 1: Individual Theories, Chapter 2: Understanding Population health from Multilevel and Community-Based Models, and Chapter 3: Psychosocial Predictors of Behavior Change in Hilliard, Riekert, Ockene, and Pbert (2018). Be sure to also read Richert, Schüz, and Schüz (2013) Stages of Health Behavior Change and Mindsets: A Latent Class Approach (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., and any relevant Instructor Guidance.

Theories help health professionals with understanding, predicting, and maintaining healthy behaviors. By adopting healthy behaviors, many diseases and illnesses can be prevented. However, it is still confusing to many health professionals why some people are successful in adopting and maintaining healthy behaviors and why others are not.   No one theory can explain everything; therefore, sometimes two behavior change models may need to be utilized in the application process (Hilliard, Riekert, Ockene, & Pbert, 2018). In this discussion, use the client avatar you created in Week 1 and address the following prompt:

Identify two to three behaviors you would like to see your client avatar change. Select one behavior change model, as described in Hilliard, Riekert, Ockene, and Pbert (2018), “Handbook of Health Behavior Change”, and explain the major components of this model and why it was selected. Compare and contrast this model with two other models discussed in the text.

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